What is Sikhism? How much of an interaction do you have with the Sikh community? Join us we look at Jesus & Guru Nanak (Sikhs) as part of our series, The Religious Roundtable. Listen as Paul Kiss explores Matthew 1:18-25 and Revelation 5:5. Together we learn that people want a personal guru and Jesus shows us a personal God. Jesus is God with us and Lord. He is the Lion of Judah who saves.
Jesus & Guru Nanak (Sikhs)
Speaker: Paul Kiss
Date: October 20, 2019
1 · History of Sikhism
➤ Began in the 16th century with Guru Nanak.
● Calling for reform of both Islam and Hinduism.
➤ 10 Guru’s from 1469-1708.
➤ Guru Arjan (5th), compiles the Adi Granth (later to be known as “Guru Granth Sahib”, the writings of the Gurus)
➤ Last Guru, Gobind Rai – declares the Granth Sahib to be the final Guru. Gurus are the embodiment of God, including the Granth Sahib.
2 · Key Teachings
➤ All People Are Equal: The Langar meal is a symbol of this.
➤ The Khalsa: The community of the faithful, the devout, the orthodox.
● Men who join the Khalsa take on the name “Singh,” (lion). Women take on the name “Kaur,” (princess).
➤ Five K’s Of The Khalsa:
1. Kesh: long hair
2. Kangha: small wooden comb
3. Kach: shorts/undergarment
4. Kara: steel bracelet
5. Kirpan: dagger
➤ Baptism: Drinking a small amount of holy water received in the name of the gurus. Then life is lived in devotion to God. More emphasis on devotion than ritual.
➤ One God: “Waheguru,” or “wonderful teacher.” “Sat Nam,” or “true name.” “Ekankar” or “one, undivided, mystical Lord.”
➤ Samsara & Moksa: Is still adhered to (reincarnation and liberation from it).
➤ Karma: Is still adhered to, although the caste system is discouraged in theory.
3 · Touch Points with Christianity
➤ Equality: Of All People: The Langar or “free kitchen.” Text:Gal. 3:28; Rev. 5:9
➤ One God: Ekankar. God is not a personal God though. Text:Gen. 3:8-9
➤ Scripture: Guru Granth Sahib (Adi Granth): embodiment of God’s light, presence. Text:John 8:12
➤ Khalsa & Ekklesia: “Gathered ones, devoted ones” Text: 1 Cor. 1:2; Col. 1:15-23; Eph. 5:29-32
4 · Key Differences
1. God is embodied in writing (Granth Sahib) or God comes in person (Jesus).
2. Being absorbed into God or reigning with God, in relationship.
3. Salvation (moksa) is achieved through personal effort or salvation is the gift of Jesus.
5 · Jesus and Sikhs
“The world is a drama, staged in a dream. In a moment, the play is played out.”
~ Guru Granth Sahib 18-8 (Sikh Scriptures)
“We proclaim to you what we ourselves have actually seen and heard so that you may have fellowship with us. And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ.”
~ 1 John 1:3
His name is Immanuel, God is with us; Jesus, The Lord saves; The Lion of Judah, who is worthy to open the scroll; The Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world; The Head of the Church, his body.
~ Matt. 1:21-23; Rev. 5:5; John 1:29; Col. 1:18
1. What did you learn about Sikhism from the sermon that you previously didn’t know?
2. How much interaction do you have with someone from the Sikh community? Explain.
Discussing and Learning:
3. The Sikh name for God is “Sat Nam” (true name) or “Ekankar” (one, indivisible, mystical, Lord). Compare that with how Matthew identifies Jesus in Matthew 1:18-25, as “Immanuel” and “Jesus.” (Jesus is the Greek name for Joseph). What are the implications of these names?
4. Read Revelation 5 to learn more about how Jesus is described. He is called “Lion of Judah, the Lamb who was slain, the One who is worthy to open the scroll, the One who ransoms people from every people, nation, language.” How might this chapter be a good connecting point in discussing the Khalsa and Kingdom of God, of which Jesus is Lord? (You’ll have to listen to the sermon if you missed it).
Making it Real:
5. After comparing several religions and seeing the connecting points, but also the significant differences between them, how has this helped you gain a better appreciation for people from different religions? How has it helped you have a clearer perspective on your own faith? How will you use this when you meet people from other religions?
1. In your Home Church, see if you can figure out a way to have an interaction, as a group, with people from another religion or culture. Visit their place of worship, go to one of their festivals, have a joint meal somehow. See what you can arrange.