Judgement is a major theme in Revelation. Why it is important? Who will be judged? How will it occur? What type of judgement is it? And who is the Judge making all these judgements and will justice be served? These questions and more are explored in this week’s message, Empire, Justice and Judgement. Listen at Paul Kiss explores Revelation 19:11-21 as we learn that the concept of judgement in Revelation must be understood in the context of worshipping God and Jesus the Lamb.
Empire, Justice and Judgement
Speaker: Paul Kiss
Date: May 27, 2018
1. Judgement is a major theme in Revelation.
● Text: 19:11
● Most of Ch. 6-20 are all about judgement, (7 seals, 7 trumpets, 7 bowls).
2. These long descriptions of judgement are for warning the church to remain faithful.
● Text: 2:5,14,20; 3:3,15
3. Judgement is often experiencing the consequences of our sin.
● Text: 6:1-8
● Text: Romans 1:18-32; Galatians 6:7-9.
4. Jesus, the Lamb, is the One who will judge.
● Text: 19:11-21; 6:16
● These descriptions are symbolic rather than actual divine activity.
● Jesus judges and conquers through his word and his death, Text: 19:13,15; 5:9-10.
● The blood on his robe is his own, Text: 19:13.
5. Judgement is based on God’s covenant relationship with humanity.
● It is often meant to be restorative not punitive. Text: 19:11; 9:20-21; 16:9,11.
● Jeremiah 24 and Amos 4 for God’s desire that people return to him.
● Judgement is a revelation of God’s righteousness. Text: 15:3-4.
(Groups: There are extra questions this week. Pick and choose as you like).
1. When you think of the concept of judgement in the Bible, and specifically in Revelation, what thoughts come to mind?
2. Why do think Christians have sometimes fixated so much on making sure that people know that, “judgement is coming!?”
3. Spend some time discussing the following statement by Norman C. Kraus, in his book, “God Our Saviour,” as he discusses judgement and wrath.
● “An authentic Christian picture of the final judgement must be consistent with what we know of God as he is disclosed in the cross of Jesus Christ… The cross is the supreme expression of the wrath of God against sin and evil. In his identity with God, Jesus expressed God’s wrath against sin…From a human point of view, this is a strange wrath but it is the clearest portrayal we have of the wrath of God. In Revelation 6:16-17 it is called ‘the wrath of the Lamb.’” (Kraus 208, 211)
4. Revelation 19:11-21 is a depiction of how the Lamb will bring about God’s judgement. Consider the idea of judgement found in verses 11, 13 (with the interpretation that the blood on his robe is his own), and 15. According to these verses, how does Jesus enact judgement?
5. Read John 5:22-23. Considering how Jesus treated all people in the gospels, and in light of what Revelation tells us about the Lamb, how might we be encouraged that Jesus is our judge?
6. Read Revelation 20:11-15. It’s important that we know we will all face judgement, that’s for certain. What do these verses tell us about that judgement?
7. How has this discussion, this sermon, helped you understand God’s judgement? What questions are you left with? How can you help each other with these questions?
8. How does a proper understanding of judgement fit with the good news that we feel we have for the world; a good news that rests solely in Jesus Christ and our understanding of the Triune God?
1. Watch a movie about the end of the world and/or judgement. How well does it fit with our approach to understanding the book of Revelation? List what you discover.
2. Ask a friend, neighbour, family member, who maybe doesn’t share your faith, what they think of about the idea of the “Apocalypse.” How might you use what you’ve learned in this series to discuss this topic with them in a meaningful and helpful manner?